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The highly respected Itihasik granth ‘Sri Gur Panth Prakash’, also known as ‘Prachin Panth Prakash’, is a treasure chest of Sikh history. Its author, Rattan Singh Bhangu, came from a lineage of Sikh warriors, and had first hand knowledge on many historical issues. Rattan Singh’s grandfather was the renowned Shaheed Singh Bhai Mehtab Singh ji, who beheaded Massa Rangar for the desecration of the Harimandir Sahib. (This story is covered in Vol. 2)
This is an English translation of Sri Guru Panth Prakash , a primary historical chronicle throwing light on the evolution of the Khalsa Panth. Originally written in vernacular Punjabi verse and with 170 episodes, the book presents episode 1- 81, detailing the glorious history of the Sikhs from 1675 to 1775. It deals with memorable events in Sikh history including execution of Guru Tegh Bahadur, creation of the Khalsa Panth at Anandpur Sahib, dynasties of noted Sikhs, origin of sects like the Gangushahian sect and battles involving Sikh warriors. It gives great details Sikh warriors like Banda Singh Bahadur, and other Shaheed Singhs.
When the British came to colonial power in India, they wanted to know the history of the Sikhs and their evolution into a formidable military power in order to prepare a suitable strategy to deal them. General David Ochterloney, the British Agent at Delhi, approached his junior, Captain Murry stationed at Ludhiana to get an objective version of Sikh History. Captain Murry came into contact with Rattan Singh Bhangoo, a direct descendent of two of the most illustrious 18th century Sikh Warriors, Bhai Mehtab Singh and Sardar Sham Singh, head of the Kroresinghia Misl. It was from this dialog and recorded statements between 1809 and 1841 that this great epic of the Khalsa Panth came to be written.
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Bhai Rattan Singh Bhangu
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